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Marr admitted his changes had been a mistake in his book, My Trade.
Boycott left in April 1998 to join the Daily Express, and Marr left in May 1998, later becoming the BBC's political editor. By this time the circulation had fallen below 200,000.
Established in 1986 as an independent national morning newspaper published in London, it was controlled by Tony O'Reilly's Independent News & Media from 1997 until it was sold to Russian oligarch Alexander Lebedev in 2010.
The daily edition was named National Newspaper of the Year at the 2004 British Press Awards.
The Independent attracted some of the staff from the two Murdoch broadsheets who had chosen not to move to his company's new headquarters. Competing in a moribund market, The Independent sparked a general freshening of newspaper design as well as, within a few years, a price war in the market sector.
of the company for £30 million, and assumed the company's debt.The paper was created at a time of a fundamental change in British newspaper publishing.Rupert Murdoch was challenging long-accepted practices of the print unions and ultimately defeated them in the Wapping dispute.Consequently, production costs could be reduced which, it was said at the time, created openings for more competition.As a result of controversy around Murdoch's move to Wapping, the plant was effectively having to function under siege from sacked print workers picketing outside. ", and challenging both The Guardian for centre-left readers and The Times as the newspaper of record, The Independent reached a circulation of over 400,000 by 1989.